Formal complexes Tul
Formal complexes Tul

Tul – complex of exercises consisting of the main attacking and protective actions, performed in a logical justified sequence. The student simulates a fight with several rivals. At the same time, various attacking or protective actions are performed, which correspond to “circumstances that have formed”.

Use in training tul allows by repeating many connections of movements to improve sparring, increase flexibility, to master the technique of movements, to strengthen muscles, to study breath control, smooth and rhythmic movements.

Sparring can show which of the rivals is stronger, but does not say who has the best technique. From this point of view, tul is a more sensitive indicator of the level of individual technique.

In Taekwon-Do there are 24 tuls. Why 24? As the founder of the Taekwon-Do General Choi Hong Hi wrote, in the scale of eternity of a person’s life can be considered as one day. The day consists of 24 hours. Accordingly, these 24 rounds symbolize the entire life of General Choi Hong Hi, which he fully devoted to Taekwon-Do.

Preparatory exercises: Saju-Jirugi, Saju-Makgi


Chon-Ji Tul

Translated as “Heaven and Earth” or “Paradise Earth”. As the creation of peace in most religions began with the creation of heaven and earth, and the novice begins to study the Tul from the fact that symbolizes heaven and earth. Chon-Ji consists of two parts, the first of which symbolizes the Earth, and the second – Heaven.

Number of movements: 19.

Dan-Gun Tul

Tul “Dan Gun” is named in honor of legendary Dan Gun, according to legend, son of God and a bear, the ancestor of Korean Nations and the founder of Korea, which existed from 2333 till now.

Tol counts 21 moves.

Do-San Tul

The name of the Tul “Do San” is a pseudonym of the famous patriot an Chhan Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements included in tol symbolize the years of life dedicated to this person’s educational activity and participation in the movement for the liberation of Korea.

Won-Hyo Tul

Tul is named after the monk, who met in the 686r. Until now, the Korean Silla dynasty with Buddhism.

Number of movements – 28.

Yul-Gok Tul

The name of the Yul Gok is a pseudonym of the great philosopher and teacher Yu I (1536-1584), called “Korean Confucius”. The inclusion of 38 movements in tol symbolizes the place of birth of this person – 38 parallel, and the diagram of movements – hieroglyphs that corresponds to the word “teacher”.

Joon-Gun Tul

Tul “Joon Gun” is named after the famous patriot An Joon Gun, who killed the first Japanese governor-general of Korea Hiro Boumi Ito. The inclusion of 32 movements in tul symbolizes the age of an Joon Gun in which he was suffering in prison in 1910

Toi-Gye Tul

The name of the Tul “Toi Gye” or “Te Ge” is a pseudonym of the teacher who lived in the XVI century, I Wong, a famous authority of the neo-Confucianism. The inclusion of 37 movements in tul symbolizes the place of birth of this person – 37 parallel, and the diagram of movements – hieroglyphs, which corresponds to the word “teacher”.

Hwa-Rang Tul

Tul “Hwa Rang” is named after the young military movement, organized in the VII century during the reign of the Silla dynasty. In translation means “flowers-young”. The inclusion of 29 movements in tul symbolizes the number of the military unit in which the process of transforming Taekwon-Do into modern martial art took place.

Choong-Moo Tul

The name of this tul is a pseudonym of the great admiral Yui Sun-Shina – the inventor of the combat boat of the Kobukson (in 1592). Tul ends with a left hand blow, symbolizing the sudden death of this man, and not having time to fully reveal his uncomplicated dedication to the king.

Number of movements 30.

Kwang-Gae Tul

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwan-Gae-Vanga, the nineteenth King of the Kogorio dynasty, who has conquered the territories lost by Korea, including most of Manchuria. 39 movements of this complex are marked by the first two figures of 391 n.e. when it came to the throne.

Po-Eun Tul

The name is a pseudonym of the famous poet Chong Mong-Chu (XIV century), whose words “I will not serve the new master, let even me suffer hundred times” are known to every Korean. Chong Mong-Chu is also known as one of the first physics scientists. The movement chart symbolizes the uncomplicated dedication of the royal and the country.

Number of movements 36.

Ge-Baek Tul

Tul was named the name of the general of the Pek Che dynasty (660 to the n.c.). The diagram of movements symbolizes the stricness of military discipline.

Number of movements 44.